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Hungary Past and Present

Outlaws in 19th Century Hungary

Sobri Jóska
Outlaws in 19th Century Hungary

The word betyár is derived from a Persian–Turkish word, bikar, later batiar, finally “betyár” (with some Slavic influence).  Its meaning was lazy, wanderer, cold, thief and cruel.  According to the romanticized legends of the outlaws, they were considered heroes, being on the side of “justice”, and protectors of the poor. 

 

 

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Dora Józsefné, Tima Irma

Bálványosvár and Torja, Transylvania

Bálványosvár
Bálványosvár and Torja, Transylvania

In 997, Stephen became Grand Prince of Hungary upon the death of his father, Géza.  From then on, he fought not only to gain control of all regions of his kingdom, but also to establish Christianity all over his realm.  He was crowned on either December 25, 1000 or January 1, 1001 as King Stephen I, with a crown sent by Pope Sylvester II.  There is still debate over the actual date.

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Charles Bálintitt Jr.

Explorer Sass Flora – Florence Baker – part 5
Explorer Sass Flora – Florence Baker – part 5

We continue the adventures of Sass Flora, a Hungarian explorer, and Sam Baker as they push on towards the source of the Nile.

 

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Éva Wajda